By | Editorial Team
Sudanese artifacts were present since ancient times in the Nile Valley region, which includes Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia also known as the cradle of civilization. The Nile Valley is considered as the source of knowledge for many civilizations.
The industrial sectors in the country can be divided into the following sectors:
1. Agriculture Industry:
This is the main sector in the country because of its importance in providing food, which represents the cornerstone of Sudan’s economy. It includes the most important agricultural products like cotton, sesame, dates, peanuts, Arabic gum and more. There are other Sudanese natural products like: ‘Karkadi’ – ‘Dom’ – ‘Aradeb’ – ‘Hilomor (Abri)’ – ‘Qonkulaiz’ and ‘Dokhon’.
Sudan is the world’s largest producer of Arabic gum producing 80% of the worlds consumption while occupying third place in sugar production in Africa.
Sudan has the capacity to lead in the field of Molasses production globally which is used as a bio-fuel.
2. Textile industry:
Availability of good local raw materials encouraged the textile and garments industry in the country. There are a number of cotton ginning plants, including the large Gezira plant. Sudan had a sizeable number of spinning and weaving mills.
3. Leathers industry:
Leathers are an important economic factor in the export sector, leathers products increased along with the increase of livestock. Sudanese leathers are characterized by the quality and the durability due to its composition and the fibrous tissue. Of the unique things made by leather is the “Markob” which is a handmade shoe.
4. Chemical industry and medicine:
The chemical sector is a huge sector in Sudan which includes a number of important industries such as tires, batteries, sulfur, plastics, medicines, medical gases and paints.
5. Oils and soap industry:
a) Oils: Sudan has a huge capacity for oil production due to its large production of seeds such as cotton, sunflower, beans and sesame seeds amongst many others.
b) Soap: Is characterized by high production quantities for washing, powder and laundry soap.
6. Engineering industries:
This sector includes basic industries like: foundries, spare parts, refrigerators, iron, and zinc plates. There are also assembly plants for vehicles, airplanes, tractors and agricultural equipment.
7. Building materials:
This sector is characterized by abundance of local raw materials, especially natural marble which comes in various colors with an abundance of white and black as well as a potentially strong granite industry. Sudanese cement is considered one of the finest types of cement.
8. Packaging and printing industry:
From cardboard, paper and bottles this is a support industry that serves other manufacturers and creates a link between industries.
There are various domestic industries, which cater to women with products such as: Henna, Dilka (Body scrub), Bakhour (incense) as well as Talih & Shaf (used for traditional spas) amongst others.
Exports of goods:
Sudan exported many goods like oil, gasoline, kerosene, gas, gold, sesame, cotton, Arabic gum, sugar, meat, peanuts, leather, molasses, livestock, corn and various other exports.